FAUSKODAMMEN KULTUREPARK

The park consists of a varied cultural heritage environment with traces of flotation, coal burning, iron extraction and traffic. Kirkeslepa between Uvdal stave church and Tunhovd crossed the river. Around the pond there are traces of cultural memories in a time span from the old Iron Age, the Middle Ages and until our own time.

The cultural trail is laid along a preserved part of the road to the seats in Smådøldalen pg tow between Uvdal and Tunhovd. Kirkeslepa from Uvdal stave church to Tunhovd.When people had to burrow their loved ones or had important ecclesiastical tasks, they went with horseback riding or sledding to and from Tunhovd to the old church in Uvdal. by the pond, the church trail and the road is what we have labeled as a cultural trail.

The cultural trail leads you to the park’s oldest cultural heritage from pre-industrial activities in the form of Norway’s largest single iron extraction facility.  At the plant you can see traces of ovens and there are 100-200 kilos in the terrain by the trail.

Foto: Mittnumedal.no

photo: Mittnumedal.no

The ironworks plant is from the population migration period, from 440 to 650 AD. It is estimated that more than 50 tonnes of high quality stainless steel has been extracted from the oven. The use of these ovens was the start of a rapid technological development in the mountain areas at Hardangervidda. The iron became soemthing everyone could use as opposed to the elite bronze from the period before. This created better living conditions for all, better tools, hunting equipment and tools. It is believed that the iron was not used locally but transported on the river down to the river, on horseback riding and sledding through numbers to shoppers at the coast, or transported by Hardangervidda for remote export or in exchange for salt and other valuable goods westward. The coal pits at the pond and in the surrounding area were used from the year 800 until the Middle Ages.

The landowners in Smådøla Common Fløtning (1887 – 1980) built floating facilities, stables and house dwellings for the crews at Fossheim and Fauskodammen.

The dam is seen today as a 187 meter long stone wall on both sides of the river river. The dam was the largest in Småøl with a dam height of three meters. There was space for six horses in the stable.

The hike:

Lenght Difficulty Time
 1,6 km  Easy 1,5 hours